Articles Posted in ‘Prostate cancer’

Overview of the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial

In 1993, the National Cancer Institute launched one of the largest cancer screening trials ever planned in the United States, in an effort to answer the question of screening efficacy in four cancers: prostate, lung, colorectal, and ovarian. Ten centers across the country ultimately accrued more than 150,000 men and women for this study. Nineteen years after it began, PLCO has now released the trial’s final major outcome finding, for colorectal cancer.

A Backgrounder on Robot-Assisted Surgery for Cancer

Surgery: Prostate Cancer Surgery

Laparoscopic surgeries, in which a surgeon performs procedures through small incisions in the abdomen wall, have led to less invasive cancer surgeries with decreased pain and faster recovery times for patients. Because of the reduced size of the incisions, hospital stays are often shorter, with some patients even able to go home the same day.

Robotic Prostatectomy

Surgery: Prostate Cancer Surgery

Robotic surgery is done in the same fashion as open surgical removal. The difference is that what originally required a large incision (from the belly button down to the pubic bone), now only requires 4 to 6 small incisions, each about 5 mm-12 mm in length. These incisions allow instruments to pass through ports (a hollow cylinder through which instruments can pass), keeping the surgeon’s hands outside the patient.