Articles Tagged ‘trial’

Overview of the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial

In 1993, the National Cancer Institute launched one of the largest cancer screening trials ever planned in the United States, in an effort to answer the question of screening efficacy in four cancers: prostate, lung, colorectal, and ovarian. Ten centers across the country ultimately accrued more than 150,000 men and women for this study. Nineteen years after it began, PLCO has now released the trial’s final major outcome finding, for colorectal cancer.

Ovarian Cancer Treatment: Where We Are Now

Shown are surgeons and a nurse performing surgery

Ovarian cancer has proven to be a very difficult cancer to diagnose at a curable stage and thus treat successfully.  Even though it has one of the highest mortality rates of all gynecological cancers in the United States, there are no validated or proven screening tests, making it a challenge to diagnose at an early [...]

Diabetes is the Most Common Risk Factor for Liver Cancer in the U.S.

Drawing of the inside of a body showing the liver, colon and lungs.

The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common type of primary liver cancer, has been increasing in the U.S. for several decades. NCI reseachers found that diabetes was associated with a greater percentage of HCC cases than any other factor.